part 2
North American Art

North American Art
Before the Second World War

Marsden Hartley


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Marsden Hartley

born: Lewiston, Maine; 4 January 1877
died: Ellsworth, Maine; 2 September 1943

American painter who, after extensive travels had brought him into contact with a variety of modern art movements, arrived at a distinctive, personal type of Expressionism, seen best in his bold paintings of the harsh landscape of Maine. After study at the Cleveland School of Art, he went to New York City, where he studied at the Chase School and the National School of Design. He returned to Maine in 1900, after which, for nearly a decade, he spent his summers there and his winters in New York. In 1909 Alfred Stieglitz gave a one-man exhibition of Hartley's New England landscapes at Stieglitz' 291 Gallery on Fifth Avenue, New York City.

From then until World War I, Stieglitz continued to show Hartley's work. Hartley visited Europe for the first time in 1912-13, where he admired the work of the Cubists. In 1914 he began a series of abstract paintings with strongly outlined forms and brilliant colours. During the early years of World War I he was in Berlin and Dresden convinced of the rightness of the German cause. This led to an distinct unpopularity in the United States, forcing Stiglitz to drop him from his Gallery. From 1915 until 1933 he traveled widely in Europe and the United States, during which he became pro Nazi. In 1932 he was in Mexico, where he painted a notable series on the volcano Popocatépetl.

In his last 10 years Hartley alternated between New York City and Maine. His "Mt. Katahdin, Autumn, No. 1" (c. 1941-42; University of Nebraska Art Galleries, Lincoln) expresses the austere, brooding Maine landscape with monumental power.



Hartley: German Officer (c1915)

German Officer
about 1915



 Hartley: One Portrait of One Woman

One Portrait of One Woman

 Hartley: Indian Composition

Indian Composition

 Hartley: German Officer (c1915)

German Officer
about 1915

 Hartley: German Officer (1914)

German Officer



 Hartley: Young Worshiper of the Truth
Young Worshiper
of the Truth

 Hartley: Marie Ste Esprit

Marie Ste Esprit

 Hartley: Young Man

Young Man



 New Mexico Recollection 12

New Mexico
Recollection 12

 Hartley: New Mexico Recollection

New Mexico

 Hartley: New Mexico

New Mexico

 Hartley: Santos New Mexico

Santos New Mexico


 Hartley: Carnelian Country

Carnelian Country



 Hartley: Still Life

Still Life

 Hartley: Sea Horse

Sea Horse

 Hartley: Give Us This Day

Give Us This Day

 Hartley: Ne England Fishhouse

New England Fishhouse



North American Art