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High Renaissance

Late "Gothic art" of the north

 

Floor 1 / Rennaisance / Mannerism

Mannerism

1525 to 1600

 

 

Mannerism is sometimes explained as "In the manner of Michelangelo"... since clearly the term: "Michelangeloism" is cumbersome as is "Michelangeloistic". But these terms also implies too much because while Michelangelo had a strong influence on the art of the last thre quarters of the sixteenth century, many styles were tried. Some scholars avoid the term Mannerism and call this period the "Late Renaissance".

Several artists in the High Italian Renaissance were experimenting with Michelangelo's style: Giovanni Savoldo and Jacobo Sansovio for example.

 

 

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Il Pordenone
Giovanni Antonio De' Sacchis

born: Venice, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; about 1484
died: Ferra, Duchy of Ferra [now Italy]; 1539

 

 

Sebastiano del Piombo
Sebastiano Luciani

born: Venice, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; about 1485
died: Rome, Papal States[now Italy]; 21 July 1547

 

 

Domenico Beccafumi
Domenico Di Pace
Mecherino

born: Cortona, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; about 1486
died: Sienna, Republic of Sienna [now Italy]; 1551

 

 

Baccio Bandinelli

born: Florence, Republic of Florence [now Italy]; 12 November 1493
died: Florence, Republic of Florence [now Italy]; 7 February 1560

 

Jacopo Carucci Pontormo

born: Pontormo, near Empoli, Republic of Florence [now Italy]; 24 May 1494
died: Florence, [now Italy]; December 1556, buried 2 January 1557

   In 1521 the Medici family had him decorate their villa at Poggio a Caiano with mythological subjects.

 

Pontormo: Giovani

Giovani

Other Works:

 

 

Correggio
Antonio Allegri

born: Correggio, Modena [now in Reggio Emilia, Italy]; August 1494
died: Correggio, Modena [now in Reggio Emilia, Italy]; 5 March 1534

 

Although not a Mannerist following Michelangelo's style, he developed his own style that really only blossomed later in the Baroque and Rococo periods.

 

Corregio: Jupiter and Io

Jupiter and Io
about 1532
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna, Austria

 

Thirteen more Correggio pictures

 

 

Giovanni Battista di Jacopo Rosso Fiorentino
Il Rosso

born: Florence, [now Italy]; 8 March 1495
died: Paris, France; 14 November 1540

Rosso received his early training in the studio of Andrea del Sarto, alongside his contemporary, Pontormo.

At the end of 1523 Rosso moved to Rome which exposed him to the work of Michelangelo.

The earliest works of Rosso and Pontormo showed the combined influences from Michelangelo and from northern Gothic engravings in a novel style, which departed from the tenets of High Renaissance art and was characterized by its highly charged emotionalism expressed in animated design, intense colors, and distortion of figures.

In 1530, Francis I of France invited Rosso to Paris. He went to France from Rome, where he had been working, and he remained in the French court until his death. He brought the Renaissance and mannerist ideals to France, and became one of the founders of the Fontainbleau "school".

 

 

Rosso Fiorentino: Young Man

Young Man
early 1520s
oil on wood; 89×68 cm
National Gallery
Washington, DC, US

Rosso Fiorentino:  Young Woman

Young Woman
oil on wood
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

 

 

 

Rosso Fiorentino: Madonna Enthroned
 with Four Saints

Madonna Enthroned
with Four Saints

1518
oil on wood; 172×141 cm
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

Rosso Fiorentino:  Descent from the Cross

Descent from
the Cross
1521
oil on wood; 375
×196 cm
Duomo
Volterra, Italy

 

Rosso Fiorentino: Marriage of 
the Virgin

Marriage of
the Virgin
1523
oil on wood, 325×250 cm
San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy

Rosso Fiorentino: Moses Defending the 
Daughters of Jethro

Moses Defending the
Daughters of Jethro
1523–24
oil on canvas, 160×117 cm
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

Rosso Fiorentino: Risen Christ

Risen Christ
1528–30
oil on wood; 348×258 cm
Duomo
Città di Castello, Italy

Rosso Fiorentino: Pietà

Pietà
1530–35
oil on wood; 127×163 cm
Louvre, Paris, France

 

 

 

Diego de Siloe

born: Burgos, Spain; 24 May 1495
died: Granada, Spain; 22 October 1563

 

 

Moretto da Brescia
Alessandro Bonvicino

born: Brescia [now Italy]; 1498
died: Brescia [now Italy]; 1554

Pupil of Titian and teacher of Moroni.

He did mostly religious paintings, but his portraits are considered better.

 

Brescia, Moretto da:  A man, about 1520

A Man
about 1520
Museum of Fine Arts
Budapest, Hungary

Brescia, Moretto da:  Pietà

Pietà
1520
Oil on wood
National Gallery
Washington, DC, US

Brescia, Moretto da:  Count Sciarra
Martinengo Cesaresco

Count Sciarra
Martinengo Cesaresco

about 1516-18
Oil on canvas
114×94 cm
National Gallery
London, England

 

 

Julio Romano
Giulio di Pippi di Filippi de' Gianizzi

born: Rome, Papal States [now Italy]; 1492 or 1499
died: Mantua, Duchy of Mantua [now Italy]; 1 November 1546

 

Benvenuto Cellini

born: Florence, [now Italy]; 1 November 1500
died: Florence, [now Italy]; 13 February 1571

Worked a little for Alessandro de' Medici, but mostly worked for others in Rome and elsewhere.

 

The Great Saltcellar
1540-43
[sculpture in gold 26× 33 cm]
Stolen from the
Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna, Austria
about 4 AM 11 May 2003
recovered 20 January 2005
buried in Zwetti, Austria

Cellini: [sculpture] Ganymede Riding the Eagle

Ganymede Riding
the Eagle
about 1546

 

Other Works:

 

 

Parmigianino: self in a convex mirror  Francesco Parmigianino
Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzuoli

born: Parma, Duchy of Milan [now Italy]; 11 January 1503
died: Casalmaggiore, Cremona [now Italy]; 24 August 1540

 

 Parmigianino: Cupid carving his bow

Cupid Carving
his Bow
1532

Parmigianino: Madonna with the Long Neck

Madonna with
the Long Neck
about 1535
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

 Parmigianino: Vision of St Jerome

Vision of St. Jerome
1527

 

Other works:

 

 

 

Agnolo Bronzino
Agniolo, Di Cosimo

born: Monticelli, Duchy of Milan [now Italy]; 17 November 1503
died: Florence [now Italy]; 23 November 1572

Student of Jacopo da Pontormo.

Worked for the Medici.

 
 

 Bronzino: Allegory with Venus and Cupid

Allegory with
Venus and Cupid
about 1546
National Gallery, London

Five more Bronzino pictures.

 

Andrea Palladio
Andrea Di Pietro Della Gondolia

born: Padua, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; 30 November 1508
died: Vicenza [now Italy]; August 1580

 

Daniele da Volterra
Daniele Ricciarelli

born: Volterra, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; 1509
died: Rome, Papal States[now Italy]; 4 April 1563

 

 

Luis de Morales

born: Badujoz, Spain; about 1509
died: Badujoz, Spain; 5 February 1578

 

Francesco Salviati

born: Florence, Republic of Florence [now Italy]; 1510
died: Rome, Papal States [now Italy]; 11 November 1563

 

Giorgio Vasari

born: Arezzo [now Italy]; 30 July 1511
died: Florence, Republic of Florence [now Italy]; 27 June 1574

  Vasari was an Italian painter, architect, and writer best known for his book: Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.
His best-known building is the Uffizi in Florence, begun in 1560 for Cosimo I de' Medici.

 

 

The Uffizi Arcade along the Arno

From the other side with the Ponte Veccho (bridge) across the Arno.

From inside the Arcade.

 

 

Vasari: The Annunciation

The Annunciation
1564-1567
oil on canvas; 22×17 cm
Louvre, Paris, France

Vasari: [sketch] St Matthew

St Matthew
1558
red chalk/paper

Vasari: [sketch] Studies of a 
Male Nude,
 a Drapery,
 and a Hand

Studies of a
Male Nude,
a Drapery,
and a Hand

about 1555 - 1565
red chalk/paper; 36×24 cm
Getty Center
Los Angeles, CA, US

Vasari: Lorenzo de'Medici,
the Magnificent

Lorenzo de'Medici,
the Magnificent

oil on wood, 90×72 cm
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

 

Vasari: Self

Self
oil on canvas
Uffizi, Florence, Italy

 

 

 

Niccolo dell' Abbate
Abate

born: Modena, Duchy of Modena [now Italy]; about 1512
died: Fontainebleau, France; 1571

 

 

Piero Ligorio

born: Naples, [now Italy]; about 1518
died: Venice, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; 31 May 1594

 

 

Jacopo Tintoretto
Jacopo Robusti

born: Venice [now Italy]; about 1518
died: Venice [now Italy]; 31 May 1594

 

Tintoretto: Christ at the Sea of Galilee

Christ at the Sea of Galilee
about 1580

Six more Tintoretto pictures

 

 

Giovanni Battista Moroni

born: Albino, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; about 1525
died: Bergamo, [now Italy]; 5 February 1578

Student of Moretto of Bresica. He specialized in portrature although he also did religious paintings.

 

Moroni: A Knight with
his Jousting Helmet

A Knight with
his Jousting Helmet

[Possibly Conte Faustino Avogadro]
1555
Oil on canvas
National Gallery
London, England

Moroni: The Mystic Marriage
of St. Catherine

The Mystic Marriage
of St. Catherine
Oil on canvas
82 x 67 cm
Private collection

Moroni: A Man -- Hermitage

A Man
Oil on canvas
The Hermitage
St. Petersburg, Russia

Moroni: A Gentleman in Adoration before the Madonna

A Gentleman in Adoration before the Madonna
1560
Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Art
Washington, DC, US

 

Moroni: Portrait of a Lady

Portrait of a Lady
[Possibly Countessa Lucia Albani Avogadro]
about 1557-60
Oil on canvas
National Gallery
London, England

Moroni: A Soldier

A Soldier
about 1555-59
Oil on canvas
119 x 91 cm
Prado, Madrid, Spain

Moroni: The Tailor

The Tailor
1565-68
Oil on canvas
National Gallery, London, England

 

Paolo Veronese
Paolo Caliari

born: Verona, Republic of Venice [now Italy]; 1528
died: Venice, [now Italy]; 9 April 1588

 

 

Veronese: Wedding Feast at Cana

 

The Wedding Feast at Cana
1563
Louvre, Paris, France

 

Twenty-two more Veronese pictures.

 

 

Giuseppe Arcimboldo
Arcimboldi
Archimboldo Archimboldi

born: Milan, [now Italy]; about 1528
died: Milan, [now Italy]; 11 July 1593

 

Arcimbaldo: Air

Air
about 1565
Oil on Canvas
76 x 56 cm
Private Collection
Basel, Switzerland

 

Many more Arcimboldo pictures with a summary chronlogical biography.

 

Giambologna
Giovanni Da Bologna
Jean Boulogne

born: Douai, Spanish Netherlands [now The Netherlands]; about 1529
died: Florence, [now Italy]; 13 August 1608

 

 

Taddeo Zuccari
Zuccaro
Zuccheri

born: Sant'Angelo in Vado, Duchy of Urbino [now Italy]; 1 September 1529
died: Rome, Papal States[now Italy]; 1 or 2 September 1566

 

Federico Barocci
Baroccio
Barrocio
Fiori Da Urbino

born: Urbino, Duchy of Urbino, Papal States [now Italy]; about 1526
died: Urbino, Duchy of Urbino, Papal States [now Italy]; 1612

 

Frederico Zuccari
Zuccaro
Zuccheri

born: Sant'Angelo in Vado, Duchy of Urbino [now Italy]; about 1540
died: Ancona, [now Italy]; 20 July 1609

Frederico was a Mannerist painter and art theorist.

In 1565 Federico worked under the Florentine painter, architect, and biographer Giorgio Vasari. In England in 1575 Zuccari painted portraits of Queen Elizabeth I and the Earl of Leicester. After the death of Titian in 1577, Federico was probably the most famous living European painter. In 1593 he became the first president of the Academy of St. Luke, the painters guild. In his book: L'idea de' scultori, pittori e architetti, 1607 (The Concept of Sculptors, Painters, and Architects) he codified the theory of Mannerism.

His late paintings are much more reserved in style, he had out grown Mannerism—even though to the last he was a spokesman for the style.

 

 

El Greco
Doménikos Theotokópoulos

born: Candia [now Iráklion], Crete; 1541
died: Toleto, Spain; 7 April 1614

His common name means "The Greek". Born in Crete, El Greco studied with Titian, then left Italy and settled in Spain. He acquired his common name in Italy, but usually signed his paintings in Greek letters with his full name.

 

El Greco: A View of Toledo

A View of Toledo
about 1597

 

Twenty-four more El Greco pictures.

 

 

Bartholomaeus Spranger van den Schilde
Bartholomeus Sprangers
Sprangerson

born: Antwerp, Hapsburg Netherlands [now Belgium]; 21 March 1546
died: Prague, Hungary; August 1611

 

Pietro Bernini

born: Tuscany [now Italy]; 1562
died: Rome, Papal States [now Italy]; August 1629

Late Mannerist sculptor. Father, and teacher of the great Baroque artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

 

 

Cavaliere D'arpino
Giuseppe Cesari
Il Giuseppino

born: Arpino, Kingdom of Naples [now Italy]; 1564
died: Rome, Papal States [now Italy]; 1640

 

High Renaissance
Late "Gothic art" of the north

 

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2006-01-22